Richard Franklin Lennox Thomas Pryor (December 1, 1940 – December 10, 2005) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, and writer. 

 He reached a broad audience with his trenchant observations and storytelling style, and is widely regarded as one of the greatest and most influential stand-up comedians of all time.

Pryor won an Emmy Award (1973) and five Grammy Awards (1974, 1975, 1976, 1981, and 1982)

In 1974, he also won two American Academy of Humor awards and the Writers Guild of America Award

Pryor was born on December 1, 1940, in Peoria, Illinois

He grew up in a brothel run by his grandmother, Marie Carter, where his alcoholic mother, Gertrude L.

Pryor served in the U.S. Army from 1958 to 1960, but spent virtually teh entire stint in an army prison. 

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